Sunday, July 28, 2013

Animal-Assisted Therapy

          
          I have been an animal lover since I can remember, so imagine my delight when I discovered the intervention approach called animal-assisted therapy (AAT).  As a volunteer for the Vanderburgh Humane Society, I participated in the pet therapy program at a local skilled nursing facility through which I offered the residents (and many times the employees and visitors) the benefits of positively interacting with one of the shelter animals, usually an adorable and very well-tempered puppy or small dog.  In contrast to these visits, which were purely for enjoyment, individuals participate in AAT in order to make progress towards established therapy goals.  For example, an individual may brush a dog in order to develop greater upper extremity strength, range of motion, and endurance.  Likewise, a group of students may interact with a cat and its handler in order to increase social interaction skills within the classroom.  Therapy animals are carefully screened and trained in order to offer a safe and effective alternative to traditional therapeutic modalities.  At the 2008 American Occupational Therapy Association's Student Conclave in Louisville, Kentucky, I discovered a volunteer organization called Animal-Assisted Therapy OT and PT Pups.  The following website offers a wealth of information about this organization as well as AAT in general: http://www.otandptpups.com/   


Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Activities of Daily Loving

         
          In occupational therapy, tasks individuals accomplish throughout the course of daily life in order to ensure physical well-being are referred to as activities of daily living, or ADLs.  While it comes as no surprise that activities such as grooming and feeding are ADLs, some people may not acknowledge or even realize that sexual activity is also included in this category.  While a dialogue on this topic may be awkward for patient and practitioner alike to initiate, there are ways in which an occupational therapist may tactfully determine the need to address this area.  For example, the therapist may administer a questionnaire that allows an individual to indicate various areas of difficulty, including sexual concerns.  In any case, it is important to realize that a physical deficit does not have to prevent an individual from being able to engage in sexual expression.  Because occupational therapists are skilled in rehabilitation as well as activity modification and other compensatory strategies, they are equipped to provide therapeutic intervention in this often overlooked area of daily life.  


Sunday, July 14, 2013

Occupied at the Farmer's Market

          In the field of occupational therapy, an occupation refers to any meaningful pursuit in which an individual engages.  A common misconception is that occupation is limited to employment, although work can most definitely be an occupation in the therapeutic sense.  For example, if an individual views work solely as a way to obtain a paycheck, he or she may not find meaning in its associated activities. Therefore, the thought of returning to a job may not serve as motivation for engaging 100% in therapy. However, someone who enjoys collecting and restoring antique items may consider this pastime to be an occupation, even if it generates no income, and therefore miss each day he or she is unable to pursue this interest.     
          On a recent visit to a farmer's market with my husband, I was struck by the vast array of occupations represented by vendors within a single city block, which ranged from growing produce and baking to crafting soap and volunteering on behalf of a local food co-op.  Likewise, as supporters of this event, the patrons were actively pursuing their own occupations such as shopping, healthy meal preparation, and, yes, even good old-fashioned people watching.  As an occupational therapist, I am challenged to see beyond the walls of the clinic and visualize individuals performing occupations such as these with increased comfort, effectiveness, and safety.